Degradation Mechanisms and the Role of Sequenced Accelerated Testing to Ensure Long-Term Solar Module Encapsulation

DuraMAT 2.0 Project

Accelerated Testing

Recipient Stanford University (PI: Dauskardt, Reinhold)


Status Awarded

Abstract The objective of this work effort is to develop and experimentally validate a science-based encapsulant degradation rate model for accurate material and interfacial property evaluation over extended exposures for long (50-year) module lifetimes. Current lifetime models are often not based on actual chemical/molecular degradation mechanisms and do not capture the interaction of degradation processes that are known to lead to auto-catalytic effects where one reaction pathway may accelerate another, leading to significant challenges in designing sequences using preconditioning and accelerated aging. For example, the same set of separate steady-state aging tests may give different results if the test are applied in a different order. This project aims to understand the fundamental mechanisms and their interactions and incorporate lessons learned into designing accelerated testing strategies using sequenced exposures, more accurate lifetime predictions, and packaging design strategies including innovative bifacial, glass/glass, and lightweight flexible all-polymer modules.